Linux and Windows users have never really gotten around to agreeing on which is the better operating system. Question is, which is the better operating system? In my view, I can not say that Linux is better than Windows or vice versa, All I know is that the two can work together, and furthermore, some great telecommunication companies and multinational organizations around the world run on Linux, and a number of smart-phones run on Linux as well.
Before I begin the differentials of Linux and Windows, let me state that having used Ubuntu Linux since its inception in late 2004 to date, and prior to that, I was using Suse which later on became Opensuse, I have clearly noticed differences in Windows and Linux operating systems. Once again this is not to say that one is better than the other; it's just to say that they are fundamentally different.
Most end-users, looking from a single sided point of view of one operating system or the other, do not quite comprehend the differences between these two Operating Systems.
So I decided, why not list some 10 primary differences between Linux and Windows.
1.Graphical User Interface (GUI)
Both Linux and Windows provide graphical interfaces. Windows graphical interfaces have changed over time, but the first version of Windows that wave end-users choice of interface change was Windows XP, while Linux has always had that provision. Another point to note is that Linux can run in either graphical mode or non-graphical mode unlike Windows that just runs in graphical mode.
2.Running from CD
One thing Linux can do that Windows can not do is run from a CD which is referred to as live CD. For Windows to run, it must first be installed onto the hard drive of which is partially true with some Linux distribution. A good example of a Linux distribution (s) that can run absolutely as a Live CD is Ubuntu and Opensuse, plus many other Linux distributions out there.
Linux technically does not have viruses as compared to Windows.
In this area Linux rules, the intensity of heavy work load (s) to remote administration, to security to virtualization to mention but a few of the multitasking areas Linux reigns supreme. This is why major companies run Linux on their servers.
When running mission-critical work, the operating system used must also be up to par, and this is where Linux comes in again. Linux OS's offer stability and robustness.
Windows tends to crash more frequently than Linux, period.
Purchasing Linux is less cost as compared to Windows. Once a Linux CD is bought it can be used to install on as many computers as one so chooses, unlike Windows CD's which have limits on the number of computers to be installed.
8.Maintenance & Management
Once a Linux system is properly configured and running as it should, maintenance and management are close to minimal unlike Windows based platforms which tend to require the occasional restarts every now and then.
Over the years Linux has never been known for its hardware support but that too is changing quickly, Most hardware today can now be supported by a good number of Linux distributions.
10. Problem first, Solution last
Being an IT professional, this last point is one of my favorite points, why do I say this. Look at it this way.
When you have Windows installed, it is very fast and everything works well at first then after a while the problems of Windows begin. As for Linux the undering and anticipated problems have to be solved first then everything will work and run smoothly.