HTML / XHTML
Hyper Text Markup Language
HTML is the standard markup language used to create web documents (web pages). ”’HTML”’ stands for ”’H”’yper ”’T”’ext ”’M”’arkup ”’L”’anguage. HTML is written in the form of HTML elements consisting of tags enclosed in angle brackets (like
<html>). Most of the time HTML tags come in pairs like
</h1>, the first one designated as the opening tag and the second as the closing tag (they are also known as the ‘start’ and ‘end’ tags).
Learning the fundamentals and structure behind HTML is essential for learning how to modify websites.
There are several terms that are unique in HTML and it is important for you to understand what these words mean, in the context of HTML.
”Tag” – is used to tag or “mark-up” pieces of text. Once tagged, the text becomes HTML code to be interpreted by a web browser. Tags look like this:
”Element” – is a complete tag, having an opening
and a closing
”Attribute” – is used to modify the value of the HTML element. Elements will often have multiple attributes.
For now, just understand that a tag is a piece of code that acts as a label that a web browser interprets, an element is a complete tag with an opening and closing tag, and an attribute is a property value that customizes or modifies an HTML element.
An example of a basic HTML Website
<title>My First Website</title>
|Notepad||Free software. Very easy to use. Great for programmers who are just getting started. This is a program you can always fall back on without having to install any program.||Doesn’t format code or identify potential errors.|
|Dreamweaver||Great design and development software with pre-made templates that’s used by professional web developers. Formats code, shows line numbers, color codes tags||It’s paid and can be very expensive|
|CoffeeCup||Easy to use and provides a lot of help for new developers||Crashes thus losing your web page info and there have been reports of unauthorized credit card use.|
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*HTML is the standard markup language used to create web documents (web pages).
*A ”’Tag”’ is used to tag or “mark-up” pieces of text.
*An ”’Element”’ is a complete tag, having an opening and closing tag.
*An ”’Attribute”’ – is used to modify the value of the HTML element.