XHTML Basics – DIV or SPAN? DIV vs SPAN

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These two tags are often used inter-changeably by developers for
different reasons, so what are the differences between them? How
should they be used to markup web pages?

The basic difference between the two is their default behavior.
DIV tags are block-level tags and can be used as containers for
other tags. SPAN tags are inline tags and should only contain
content. These default behaviors can of course be altered by
CSS definitions, but are default in any browser context.

As a reference, if you want to align text within these tags use
the following CSS attributes;

DIV – text-align: left | right | center | justify

SPAN – float: left | right

DIV tags are also used to define logical divisions of page
content. It also allows CSS to be defined for whole sections of
HTML. By applying an id to a DIV you can also add controls using
JavaScript.

A SPAN tag is not intended to container other tags, but rather
to allow localized styling. This is especially useful when
combined with classes. It has even been proposed that future
semantic web models will use such markup to define relevant
content.

For example by defining a class telephone, when can ensure all
telephone numbers are displayed in the same fashion:

44-20-555-4444

SPAN tags have similar properties but should be used to
reference inline content and apply style by classes.

In summary: use divs for defining sections of a page, and spans
to enclose and style text or classes of text.

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